Dachau concentration camp was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in 1933, intended to hold political prisoners. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory northeast of the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany Opened by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded. The Dachau camp system grew to include nearly 100 sub-camps, which were mostly work camps or Arbeitskommandos, and were located throughout southern Germany and Austria. The camps were liberated by U.S. forces on 29 April 1945.
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The so-called camp road formed the main axis of the camp; it still runs from the former roll call square in a northward direction towards the “Mortal Agony of Christ” chapel. A total of 34 barracks were located on the right and left of the camp road.
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The position of the barracks are marked by the concrete contours laid out retrospectively, while the two barracks at the beginning of the camp road were reconstructed as part of the Memorial Site. Still recognizable today, the ground plan of the camp with its symmetrical arrangement and allocation of functions was implemented in almost all concentration camps.
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The barracks house a small exhibition featuring a reconstruction of how the interior was arranged in 1933-34, 1937-38, and 1944-45.
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
Arbeit macht frei is a German phrase meaning "work sets you free".
11 May 2018 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
Where the trains used to arrive.