Aswan, a city on the Nile River, has been southern Egypt’s strategic and commercial gateway since antiquity. It contains significant archaeological sites like the Philae temple complex, on Agilkia Island near the landmark Aswan Dam. Philae’s ruins include the columned Temple of Isis, dating to the 4th century B.C. Downriver, Elephantine Island holds the Temple of Khnum, from the Third Dynasty.
14 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
At first sight, the Mausoleum of the Agha Khan in Aswan may appear to you as an austere and isolated building, on the west bank of the Nile River. Inspired by the architecture of the Cairo Fatimids, the structure is recognizable by its elegance and by its special use of pink granite. It was built at the request of the begum, wife of the Aga Khan III who died in 1957. The begum who died in 2000 lived in the white villa below but closed the mausoleum to the public in 1997.
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
A nilometer (seen in the photo at the very bottom right hand side of the facing wall) was a structure for measuring the Nile River's clarity and water level during the annual flood season. There were three main types of nilometers, calibrated in Egyptian cubits, a vertical column, a corridor stairway of steps leading down to the Nile (this one), or a deep well with culvert. If the water level was low, there would be famine. If it was too high, it would be destructive. There was a specific mark that indicated how high the flood should be if the fields were to get good soil.
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
15 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
A felucca is a traditional wooden sailing boat used in protected waters of the Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean, in Egypt and Sudan (particularly along the Nile), including Malta and Tunisia, and also in Iraq. Its rig consists of one or two lateen sails.