The Pyramid of Djoser (or Djeser and Zoser), or Step Pyramid (kbhw-ntrw in Egyptian) is an archeological remain in the Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, northwest of the city of Memphis. The earliest colossal stone building in Egypt, it was built in the 27th century BC during the Third Dynasty for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier, Imhotep. The pyramid is the central feature of a vast mortuary complex in an enormous courtyard surrounded by ceremonial structures and decoration.
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The Step Pyramid
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
Looking out in the distance, towards the Bent Pyramid.
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
Your own personal armed guard ... and as it turned out a guide too.
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The Pyramid of Unas (in ancient Egyptian Nefer asut Unas meaning Beautiful are the places of Unas) is a smooth-sided pyramid built in the 24th century BC for the Egyptian pharaoh Unas, the ninth and final king of the Fifth Dynasty. It is the smallest Old Kingdom pyramid, but significant due to the discovery of Pyramid Texts, spells for the king's afterlife incised into the walls of its subterranean chambers. Inscribed for the first time in Unas's pyramid, the tradition of funerary texts carried on in the pyramids of subsequent rulers, through to the end of the Old Kingdom, and into the Middle Kingdom through the Coffin Texts that form the basis of the Book of the Dead.
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The Step Pyramid
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
The mastaba of Mereruka (also known as Meri) is the largest of the Old Kingdom tombs at Saqqara and reflects his very important position during the reign of Teti in Dynasty VI. He is named as ‘Chief Justice and Vizier, Inspector of Priests and Tenants of the Pyramid of Teti’, ‘Scribe of the Divine Books’. Mereruka’s importance was perhaps increased by his marriage to the King’s eldest daughter, Princess Seshseshet (also known as Watetkhethor or Watet-Hathor). The mastaba complex is located on the northern side of Teti’s pyramid, the first of a row of the largest and most important of the Old Kingdom tombs. The tomb, which was first excavated in 1892 by Jaques de Morgan, is famous for its fine reliefs of many aspects of daily life and customs of the Old Kingdom.
13 May 2019 Steve Snell
Photo by: Steve Snell
Northeast of the Step Pyramid of Djoser is the mound of rubble, which represents the Pyramid of Userkaf, founder of the Fifth Dynasty. The pyramid was relatively small, with an original base measurement of 75 meters, and lay within a correspondingly small precinct. The mortuary temple was on the south side, and to the southwest of this are the remains of a subsidiary pyramid. In the area south of Userkaf's Pyramid are mastabas of the Old Kingdom.